李国强(副教授)


【来源:兰州大学资源环境学院 | 发布日期:2018-03-08 】     【选择字号:
姓名 李国强 性别

最高学历 研究生 最高学位 博士
职务  
职称

副教授、博士研究生导师

联系方式

gqli@lzu.edu.cn;

guoqianguga@gmail.com

所在部门

自然地理与环境变化研究所

研究方向

释光年代学,古气候变化

学习经历

2010/10 - 2012/04,美国佐治亚大学地理系,联合培养博士生,博士,合作导师:George A. Brook 教授
2007/09 - 2012/06,兰州大学,西部环境与气候变化研究院,自然地理学,博士,导师:陈发虎院士

2003/09 - 2007/06,兰州大学,资源环境学院,地质系地球化学专业,学士
工作经历

2015/03 –至今,兰州大学,资源环境学院,副教授;
2014/05 - 2015/3,兰州大学,西部环境与气候变化研究院,副教授;
2014/05 - 2014/05,丹麦科技大学核技术研究中心,访问学者 (visiting scholar);
2013/01 - 2013/06,英国利物浦大学,访问学者( Honorary research fellow);
2012/07 - 2014/04,兰州大学,西部环境与气候变化研究院,讲师;

2010/10 - 2012/06,兰州大学,西部环境与气候变化研究院,助教;
主讲课程

本科生课程:自然地理学,沙漠学,全球气候变化与人类文明,沙漠与文明;

研究生课程:全球变化,自然地理研究方法总论。
学术兼职

兰州大学西部环境教育部重点实验室释光年代学实验室负责人;American Geophysical Union美国地球物理学会会员(2016年至今);国家自然科学基金委员会基金项目通讯评议专家(2015年至今);
教育部学位论文通讯评审人(2015年至今)。

Quaternary Geochronology, Boreas, Palaeo-3, Scientific Reports, Holocene, Journal of Quaternary Science, Quaternary Research, Quaternary International, Journal of Asia Earth Sciences, Aeolian research,Geomorphology等国际SCI学术期刊及第四纪研究、湖泊科学、地球科学进展等国内学术期刊审稿人。
研究成果

5年主要开展了轨道尺度西风区气候变化及西风-季风相互作用的记录、模式及机制研究。
对中亚干旱区黄土-古土壤序列开展了系统高密度石英及钾长石释光测年,建立了黄土沉积的高分辨率年龄-深度模型,厘清了黄土沉积过程,重建了中亚干旱区降水及湿度变化模式;对季风-西风过渡区尾闾湖泊开展了湖泊水位波动及区域降水变化重建,探讨了末次间冰期(130-73 ka)及现代间冰期(11.5ka以来)西风-季风降水在过渡区的边界变化。获得了以下新的认识:
(1)发现使用50 ?C和170 ?C激发温度的钾长石pIRIR测年可用于20 ka以来中亚风成样品的可靠年龄测定。中亚黄土沉积存在大于50 ka沉积间断,高分辨率可靠年龄框架对于黄土记录古环境重建尤为重要。
(2)发现冰期-间冰期旋回尺度中亚干旱区表现为冰期冷干-间冰期暖湿的模式,与东亚季风区具有一致性;在末次间冰期及现代间冰期内部气候以暖干-冷湿组合变化,有效湿度变化表现出21 ka周期并随北半球夏季太阳辐射反向变化。在间冰期内部中亚干旱区表现出与东亚季风区相反的气候模式。PMIP3气候模拟表明轨道驱动导致的中-高纬太阳辐射梯度变化引起的西风强度变化是导致中亚干旱区有效湿度与东亚季风区反相位的可能原因。
(3)在末次间冰期及现代间冰期内部阿拉善高原东部及其以东区域,湖泊湖面波动与季风强度变化具有一致性,而阿拉善高原西部古湖泊湖面波动与中亚干旱区降水变化模式具有一致性。东亚夏季风在最强盛时期仍然主要控制阿拉善高原东部地区降水及湖面波动,阿拉善高原西部及以西区域湖面波动及降水变化很可能主要受控于西风强度变化。
天山黄土释光测年研究一方面提供了老于十万年的中亚风成记录高分辨率年龄标尺,为开展高分辨率气候变化研究奠定了基础。另一方面证明了末次间冰期及现代间冰期中亚干旱区气候变化主要受控于西风环流,末次间冰期内部中亚干旱区气候变化也存在与东亚季风区反相位的“西风模态”,东亚夏季风降水主要控制阿拉善高原东部及以东地区降水及湖面波动,证明了这些工作为认识亚洲内陆干旱区气候变化规律、理解干旱环境形成机制、预测干旱区未来气候变化提供了背景依据。

围绕以上研究工作,近五年以第一作者/第一通讯作者在EPSL, QSR, GPC, QG,JQS, Holocene, Palaeo 3, QR, Boreas等国际学术期刊发表SCI论文13篇。近五年先后主持国家自然科学基金面上项目2项,青年基金项目1项,作为学术骨干参与科技部973项目、国家自然科学基金国际合作重点项目等项目多项。负责指导在读博士研究生2名,硕士研究生3名,已毕业研究生2名。
获得荣誉

2014年度“西部环境奖-青年教师创新奖”。

2018年兰州大学大学生创新创业行动计划“优秀指导教师”。

在研项目

1. 国家自然科学基金面上项目,41771210、基于高分辨率释光测年的新疆不同区域黄土记录的轨道尺度及亚轨道尺度中亚干旱区气候变化研究、2018/01-2021/12、70万元、主持。
2. 国家自然科学基金面上项目,41571181、基于释光测年的晚第四纪蒙古高原戈壁沙漠地区湖泊沙漠演化研究-以黑河尾闾额济纳盆地为例、2016/01-2019/12、75万元、主持。
3. 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目,41302143、新疆黄土的释光年代学及晚第四纪气候变化模式研究、2014/01-2016/12、28万元、主持、已结题。
4. 国家自然科学基金国际合作重点项目,41620104007,史前人类对青藏高原北部高寒缺氧环境的适应过程和模式研究,2017/01-2021/12,260万,在研,参加。

5. 国家自然科学基金重大项目,中国北方干旱半干旱区气候变化及敏感生态系统的响应与适应,2017/01-2021/12,1700万,在研,参加。

发表论文

1.Li, Guoqiang*, Chen, Fahu, Xia, Dunsheng, Yang, He, Zhang, Xiaojian, Madsen, David, Oldknow, Chris, Wei, Haitao, Rao, Zhiguo, Qiang, Mingrui, 2018. A Tianshan Mountains loess-paleosol sequence indicates anti-phase climatic variations in arid central Asia and in East Asia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 494: 153–163. (SCI-1, IF=4.72)
2.Li, Guoqiang*, Rao, Zhiguo, Duan, Yanwu, Xia, Dunsheng, Wang, Leibin., Madsen, David, Jia, Jia, Wei, Haitao, Qiang, Mingrui, Chen, Jianhui, Chen, Fahu, 2016. Paleoenvironmental changes recorded in a luminescence dated loess/paleosol sequence from the Tianshan Mountains, arid central Asia, since the Penultimate Glaciation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 448: 1–12. (SCI-1, IF=4.72)
3.Li, Guoqiang*, Jin, M., Chen, X.M., Wen, L.J., Zhang, J.W., Madsen, D., Zhao, H., Wang, X., Fan, T.L., Duan, Y.W., Liu, X.K., Wu, D., Li, F.L., Chen, F.H., 2015. Environmental changes in the Ulan Buh Desert, southern Inner Mongolia, China since the middle Pleistocene based on sedimentology, chronology and proxy indexes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 128: 69-80. (SCI-1, IF=4.572)
4.Li, Guoqiang*,She, Linlin,Jin, Ming, Yang, He, Madsen, David, Chun, Xi, Liping Yang, Liping, Wei, Haitao, Tao, Shuxian, Chen, Fahu, 2018. The spatial extent of the East Asian summer monsoon in arid NW China during the Holocene and Last Interglaciation.Global and Planetary Change,doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2018.07.008. (SCI-2, IF=3.982)
5.Li, Guoqiang*, Li, Fangliang, Jin, Ming, She, Linlin, Duan, Yanwu, Madsen, David, Wang, Leibin, & Chen, Fahu, 2017. Late Quaternary lake evolution in the Gaxun Nur basin, central Gobi Desert, China, based on quartz OSL and K-feldspar pIRIR dating of paleoshorelines. Journal of Quaternary Science, 32: 347-361. (SCI-2, IF=2.857).
6.Li, Guoqiang*, Wen, Lijuan, Xia, Dunsheng, Duan, Yanwu, Rao, Zhiguo, David B. Madsen, Wei, Haitao, Li, Fangliang, Jia Jia, Chen, Fahu, 2015. Quartz OSL and K-feldspar pIRIR dating of a loess/paleosol sequence from arid central Asia, Tianshan Mountains, NW China.Quaternary Geochronology, 28: 40-53. (SCI-2, IF=3.059).
7.Jin, Ming*, Li, Guoqiang*, Li, Fangliang, Duan, Yanwu, Wen, Lijuan, Wei, Haitao, Yang, Liping, Fan, Yuxin, Chen, Fahu, 2015. Holocene shorelines and lake evolution in Juyanze Basin, southern Mongolian Plateau, revealed by luminescence dating. Holocene, 25: 1898-1911.(SCI-2, IF=3.098)
8.Li, Guoqiang*, Madsen, David, Jin, Ming, Stevens, Thomas, Tao, Shuxian, She, Linlin, Yang, Liping, Li, Fangliang., Wei, Haitao, Duan, Yanwu, Chen, Fahu, 2018. Orbital scale lake evolution in the Ejina Basin, central Gobi Desert, China revealed by K-feldspar luminescence dating of paleolake shoreline features, Quaternary International, 482: 109-121. (SCI-3, IF=2.109)
9.Li, Guoqiang*, Duan, Yanwu, Huang, Xiaozhong, Buylaert, Jan-Pieter, Peng, Wei, Madsen, David, Rao, Zhiguo, She, Linlin, Xie, Haichao, Chen, Jianhui. & Chen, Fahu, 2016. The luminescence dating chronology of a deep core from Bosten Lake (NW China) in arid central Asia reveals lake evolution over the last 220 ka. Boreas46: 264-281. (SCI-3, IF=2.499).
10.Li, Guoqiang*, Jin, Ming, Wen, Lijuan, Zhao, Hui, Madsen, David, Liu, Xiaokang, Wu, Duo, Chen, Fahu, 2014. Quartz and K-feldspar optical dating chronology of eolian sand and lacustrine sequence from the southern Ulan Buh Desert, NW China: Implications for reconstructing late Pleistocene environmental evolution. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 393: 111-121. (SCI-2, IF=2.630)
11.Li, Guoqiang*, Dong, Guanghui, Wen, Lijuan, Chen, Fahu, 2014. Overbank flooding and human occupation of the Shalongka site in the Upper Yellow River Valley, northeast Tibet Plateau in relation to climate change since the last deglaciation. Quaternary Research, 82: 354-365. (SCI-3, IF=2.544)
12.Li, Guoqiang*, Jin, Ming, Duan, Yanwu, Madsen, David, Li, Fangliang, Yang, Liping, Wei, Haitao and Chen, Fahu, 2015. Quartz and K-feldspar luminescence dating of a Marine Isotope Stage 5 megalake in the Juyanze Basin, central Gobi Desert, China.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 440: 96-109. (SCI-2, IF=2.525)
13.Li, Guoqiang, Zhao, Hui*, Chen, Fahu, 2011. Comparison of three k-feldspar luminescence dating methods for Holocene samples. Geochronometria, 38: 14-22.(SCI-4, IF=1.206)
14.Chen, Fahu*, Li, Guoqiang, Zhao, Hui, Jin, Ming, Chen, Xuemei, Fan, Yuxin, Liu, Xiaokang, Wu, Duo, Madsen, David, 2014. Landscape evolution of the Ulan Buh Desert in northern China during the late Quaternary. Quaternary Research, 81: 476-487. (SCI-3, IF=2.544)
15.Zhao, Hui, Li, Guoqiang, Sheng, Yongwei, Jin, Ming, Chen, Fahu*, 2012. Early–middle Holocene lake-desert evolution in northern Ulan Buh Desert, China, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 331–332: 31-38. (SCI-2, IF=2.752)
16.Chen, Fahu*,Jia Jia, Chen Jianhui, Li Guoqiang, Zhang Xiaojian, Xie Haichao, Xia, Dunsheng, Huang, Wei, An, Chengbang, 2016.A persistent Holocene wetting trend in arid central Asia, with wettest conditions in the late Holocene, revealed by multi-proxy analyses of loess-paleosol sequences in Xinjiang, China. Quaternary Science Reviews, 146: 134-146. (SCI-1, IF=4.572)
17.Xie, Haichao *, Zhang, Huiwen, Ma, Jianying, Li, Guoqiang,Wang,Qiang,Rao, Zhiguo, Huang, Wei, Huang, Xiaozhong,Chen, Fahu, 2018.Trend of increasing Holocene summer precipitation in arid central Asia:evidence from an organic carbon isotopic record from the LJW10 loess section inXinjiang, NW China.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.04.006.
18.Ren, Lele, Wang, Yiru, Li, Guoqiang, Li, Qilu, Ma, Zhanting, Dong, Guanghui*, 2014. Discovery of a tiger (Panthera tigris (L.)) skeleton from the Little Ice Age buried on the shore of Qinghai Lake, northeast Tibet Plateau. Quaternary International, 355: 145-152.
19.Ren, Lele, Dong, Guanghui, Li, Haiming, Rhode, Dave, Flad, Rowan K., Li Guoqiang, Yang Yin, Wang Zhongxin, Cai Linhai, Ren Xiaoyan, Zhang Dongju, Chen Fahu, 2017. Dating human settlement in the east-central Tibetan plateau during the late Holocene, Radiocarbon, 1–14. (SCI-2, IF=2.691)
20.Wang, Leibin, Jia jia, Li, Guoqiang, Li, Zaijun, Wang, Xin, Chen, Fahu, 2017. Fine-grained quartz OSL dating chronology of loess sequence from southern 1 Tajikistan: Implications for climate change in arid central Asia during MIS 2. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: 1–14. (SCI-2, IF=2.584)
21.Zhao Hui*, Li Sheng-Hua, Li Bo, Li, Guoqiang, 2015. Holocene climate changes in westerly-dominated areas of central Asia: Evidence from optical dating of two loess sections in Tianshan Mountain, China, Quaternary Geochronology, 30: 188-193.(SCI-2, IF=3.059)
22.Zhao, Hui*, Sheng, Yongwei, Zhang, Jiawu, Zhao, Yan, Li, Guoqiang, 2014. Oasis evolution processes and mechanisms in the lower reaches of Heihe River, Inner Mongolia, China since 1 ka ago. The Holocene, 25: 445-453.(SCI-2, IF=3.098)
23.Ma, Minmin,DongGuanghui*, Chen, Fahu,Meng, Xingmin,Wang, Zongli,Elston, Robert,Li, Guoqiang, 2012. Process of paleofloods in Guanting basin, Qinghai Province, China and possible relation to monsoon strength during the mid-Holocene. Quaternary International 321: 88-96. (SCI-3)
24.Alfonsina Tripaldi, Marcelo A. Zárate, George A. Brook, Li, Guoqiang, 2011. Late Quaternary paleoenvironments and paleoclimatic conditions in the distal Andean piedmont, southern Mendoza, Argentina. Quaternary Research, 76: 253-263. (SCI-3)
25.Wen, Xing, Zhao,Hui, Li, Guoqiang, 2011. Drought/Flood Change in the Guanzhong Region between the 8th and the 13th Century. Environment and Transportation Engineering. 10.1109/RSETE.2011.5964476. (EI)
26.Fan,Yu-Xin, Chen, Fa-Hu,Wei, Guo-Xiao, Madsen, David, Oviatt, Charles,Zhao, Hui,Chun, Xi,g Yang, Li-Pin, Fan, Tian-Lai,Li, Guoqiang, 2009. Potential water sources for Late Quaternary Megalake Jilantai-Hetao, China, inferred from mollusk shell 87Sr/86Sr ratios. Journal of Paleolimnology, 43: 577-587. (SCI-3)
27.Yang, Ying,Dong, Guanghui,Zhao, Yan,Li, Guoqiang, Ren, Lele,Fang, Keyan,Wu Xian, 2013. Spatiotemporal variability of temperature and precipitation during 1960—2008 inferred from instrumental records in Qinghai province, northeastern Tibetan plateau. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 33: 45-54.(In Chinese with English abstract)
28.Li Guoqiang, Zhao Hui, Wen Xing, Peng Haimei, Chen Fahu, 2010. IRSL dating and correction for Holocene samples with k-feldspar. Quaternary Sciences, 30(1): 54-61.(In Chinese with English abstract)
29.Fangliang Li, Haitao Wei, Yuxin Fan, Ming Jin, Lijuan Wen, Tianlai Fan, Li Guoqiang, Haichao Xie, Fahu Chen: The drill core JYZ11A revealed lake evolution in Juyanze Basin, Inner Mongolia. Quaternary Sciences, 2015, 35(1):180-191. (In Chinese with English abstract)
30.Xuemei Chen, Li Guoqiang, Xiaozhong Huang, Hui Zhao: The vegetation changes in Ulan Buh Desert since the last glacial: Pollen evidence from core WL10ZK-1. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 33(4): 169-174.

31.X. Li, Z. Wang, F. Chen, N. Lancaster, Z. Li, Guoqiang. Li, X. Ren, G. Dong. 2009, Deposition of transverse dune mountains in badain jaran desert of china by GPR-detection. Quaternary research, 29(4):797-805. (In Chinese with English abstract)